Gestational diabetes is a form of high blood sugar that develops in pregnancy, and it can cause serious problems that put you and your baby at risk including:
When you eat, your body breaks food down into a sugar called glucose. This sugar passes into your bloodstream from your stomach, and a hormone called insulin acts like a key, unlocking cells so the glucose can go inside and be used for energy. Diabetes develops when insulin fails to move blood sugar into your cells, leaving it circulating in your bloodstream.
Every pregnancy is different. You can develop gestational diabetes in any pregnancy, and even if you’ve had it in a previous pregnancy, you may not have it with a subsequent pregnancy. If you’re diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you’ll need to closely control your diet and exercise to keep your blood sugars in norm ranges. Developing gestational diabetes puts you at risk for developing diabetes within 5 years.
Take this quiz developed by the experts at the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development to learn if you’re at risk for developing gestational diabetes. Check each box for which you can answer “Yes:”
|Total “Yes” answers||Your gestational diabetes risk is…||Your healthcare provider may…|
|2 or more||High||Test as soon as you know you’re pregnant. If your first test is negative, test again between 24-28 weeks pregnant|
|1||Average||Test between 24-28 weeks pregnant|
|0||Low||May not test or will test between 24-28 weeks|